Childrenâ€™s Rights During Divorce
Divorce and the resulting challenges regarding child custody and the responsibilities of parents can be an ugly and difficult process. This is especially true of the children whose emotional and physical wellbeing would have to be taken into account during the entire process. However, the office of the Family Advocate offers an efficient and free service with the wellbeing of the child in mind.
The Family Advocate (FA) manages disputes regarding the responsibilities and custody of children during and after a divorce. The point of the FA is to protect the rights of children and ensure that their best interests are taken into account when it comes to their custody and the parentâ€™s responsibilities. The office of the FA is not just one person but consists of lawyers and social workers who all assist in getting the best outcome for the child/children.
What can the Family Advocate do?
Section 28(2) of the Constitution says, â€œA childâ€™s best interests are of paramount importance in every matter concerning the childâ€. This forms the basis of the FAâ€™s role in disputes.
The Family Advocate has the ability to:
- Institute an enquiry so as to be able to furnish the court with a report and recommendation on any matter concerning the welfare of the minor child;
- Appear at the trial or hearing of any relevant application;
- Adduce any available evidence; and
- Cross-examine witnesses giving evidence at such trial or hearing of an application.
*According to Mediation in Certain Divorce Matters Act (Act 24 of 1987)
The Childrenâ€™s Act 2005 (Act 38 of 2005) has also made mediation by the FA compulsory for all parties involved in parental rights and responsibility disputes over children born out of wedlock.
Whatâ€™s the point of the Family Advocate?
The FA has many advantages when there is a dispute over children. The FA can change the parental rights and responsibilities agreements of the parents without the need to go to court. A court will also take into consideration a report by the FA before making any decision on the child, they are even required by law to do this. Furthermore, a registered parental rights and responsibilities agreement would be considered the same as a court order. The office of the FA also allows for the children involved to express their point of view and desires. In order to ensure the best for the child/children, the FA will work together with social workers, psychologists and other professionals when dealing with disputes.
Reasons to see the Family Advocate
- The parties disagree about how to contact or care for a child.
- They want to draft, register or change their parental rights and responsibilities agreement.
- Disputes about whether an unmarried father of a child born out of wedlock fulfils the requirements making him eligible for the full parental rights and responsibilities of the child.
A court may also order the FA to provide a report on what is best for the children involved in a dispute. Altogether, the FAâ€™s goal is to ensure the child gets the best out of a divorce process and that their rights are protected. They can not only help in disputes, but also provide a comfortable environment and process for what can be a stressful time for the children involved.
â€œThe Office of the Family Advocateâ€. The Department of Justice and Constitutional Development. Accessed from: http://www.justice.gov.za/FMAdv/ on 13/05/2016.
This article is a general information sheet and should not be used or relied on as legal or other professional advice. No liability can be accepted for any errors or omissions nor for any loss or damage arising from reliance upon any information herein. Always contact your legal adviser for specific and detailed advice. Errors and omissions excepted (E&OE)